THE New York Times reported on September 11 that the Philippines problem on drugs can be traced back to the President Rodrigo Duterte’s predecessor, .
“It might seem that the Philippines’ trouble began when it Mr. Duterte, a provincial politician who has for embraced extrajudicial killings as a legitimate method of crime control," NY Times said in a report.
In 2010, Aquino was elected on high hopes that he will support the rule of law and human rights. However he failed to fix the Philippines’ corrupt and ineffective justice system.
During his administration, he also faced a series of security-related scandals, including a hostage in Manila in 2010.
"And, perhaps most critical, Mr. Aquino was perceived as lazy and soft, unwilling to take the necessary steps to solve the country’s problems," NY Times said.
With the previous administration's failures to respond the Filipinos' needs and frustration with the government’s inability to provide basic security, the people demanded a new kind of leadership that would take more action to provide security, thus President Duterte's election.
When people begin to see the justice system as thoroughly corrupt and broken, they feel unprotected from crime. That sense of threat makes them willing to support vigilante violence, which feels like the best option for restoring order and protecting their personal safety.
Gema Santamaria, a professor at the Mexico Autonomous Institute of Technology in Mexico who studies lynchings and other forms of vigilante killings, and José Miguel , the research at Florida International University’s Latin American and Center, used survey data from across Latin America to test what leads people to support extrajudicial violence.
The data told a very similar story across all of the countries in their sample. People who didn’t have faith in their country’s institutions were more likely to say vigilante violence was justified.
Leaders like Mr. Duterte have a political incentive to exploit this sentiment, marketing their willingness to go around the system to prove that they are willing to do whatever it takes to solve the country’s problems.
“When you have a weak government that faces a security crisis and also a crisis of trust of the people, the issue of promising more punishment is a shortcut to gain citizens’ confidence, to gain support,” Ms. Santamaria said. AJRSP