Saturday, November 22, 2014

Typhoon Haiyan Anniversary: Portraits of Survivors and Their Stories

A year after Typhoon Haiyan flattened a huge swathe of the Philippines, many survivors are struggling to rebuild their homes, especially those in No Build Zones –  government-designated danger zones where future typhoons could wreck their lives again.
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Josefina Gola, 79, stands outside the ruins of her home in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. Josefina has not been able to rebuild her home as it now sits in the No Build zone and as she receives a pension she does not qualify for government rebuilding funds(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Haiyan's ferocious winds generated tsunami-like storm surges that swamped entire communities, leaving more than 7,300 people dead or missing. More than four million people were displaced by the storm, which destroyed or damaged more than a million houses.
The Philippine government, backed by foreign donors and aid organisations, still must resettle about 200,000 families to permanent housing sites over the next two or three years.
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Mariena Delacueva stands in the ruins of her family's home in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. Mariena looks after the property after her parents moved to Manila to find work so they can save enough money to rebuild the house(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
The Philippines, which sees an average of 20 typhoons a year, is planning to build typhoon-resilient structures and relocate residents living in danger zones to areas which it considers safer. But a report by the Tacloban city government in October said fewer than 100 of 14,500 promised permanent homes had been built, and that thousands were still living in danger zones.
Those displaced by Haiyan, known locally as Yolanda, are housed in tents and temporary shelters while others live with relatives or in hastily erected shacks.
Chris McGrath, who photographed the devastation in the days after the typhoon hit, has returned to the Philippines one year later.
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Alma de la Cruz stands outside a tent in the ruins of her family home in San Jose, Leyte, Philippines. Alma lives in the tent with six of her family members. They are currently constructing a house in another area and are waiting for it to be completed(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Evelyn Factoranan stands in the ruins of her home in Palo, Leyte, Philippines. Evelyn lost 28 relatives, including her mother and husband, during the typhoon. She says they cannot afford to rebuild the house – and without her mother there, no one would live in it(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Vicente Jayawbajas stands among the ruins of his grandmother's home in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. She died shortly after the typhoon due to complications resulting from trauma. He does not plan to rebuild the family home as it is now in the No Build Zone and has not received any government or NGO assistance(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Rustico Ricardel stands outside a tent pitched in the ruins of his home in San Jose, Leyte, Philippines. Rustico's family moved to stay in Cebu after the typhoon and he and his brother have stayed at the property but have received no government or NGO assistance to rebuild(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Maria Canamaso poses for a photo where her home once stood in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. Maria does not plan to rebuild her home as it is now located in a No Build Zone. She has relocated to another location a few streets away and is working on building a new house(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Cleto Palito and Florante Aldi II pose in what is left of their employer's home in Palo, Leyte, Philippines. Cleto was the caretaker for the property and continues to look after the land while the owner is abroad(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Nestor Daban stand in the ruins of his employer's home in San Jose, Leyte, Philippines. Nestor was the caretaker of the house before the typhoon and continues to live in and look after the property while the owner is abroad(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Merluna Lamban stands in a temporary shelter on the site of her home in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. Merluna has used what materials she could find to build a temporary house on the original location but does not have the funds to rebuild permanently(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Jessica Flores Vevera poses on the site of her family home in San Jose, Leyte, Philippines. Jessica has lived with two families in a tent on the site for the past year and has now received a permanent house from an NGO and is waiting for it to be completed before moving(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Edgar Bommeo poses for a portrait with Didin, one of his pigs, in front of a destroyed section of his home in Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines. Edgar evacuated his children the night before the storm struck but he and his wife stayed at their house and were forced to run from the storm surge, but both survived. (Didin the pig also survived on the top floor of their house and was found walking through the rubble a few days later.) Edgar has only, in the past few weeks, been able to start rebuilding his house as one of the large ships washed ashore during the storm was resting on his land and the remains of his house(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Alvin B Ellema poses for a portrait in what is left of his home and shop in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. Alvin's family moved to Manila after his daughters suffered from trauma from the storm. He has managed to set up a small temporary house a few streets away from the original site, and has received no government aid for rebuilding his home(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Fermina Durana Reguiez poses in what is left of of her home in Palo, Leyte, Philippines. The storm surge destoyed her house, but she has not been able to rebuild it as she was admitted to hospital for three months after the typhoon and is now having problems with paperwork for her property(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Typhoon Haiyan survivors
Carlos Silvano stands outside a tent and next to a remaining part of his home in San Antonio, Samar, Philippines. Carlos has been unable to rebuild his home as it is now in the No Build Zone and he is unable to move to a new location as he does not own land elsewhere(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

Typhoon Haiyan Then and Now: Photographer Returns to Philippines a Year Later

A year after Typhoon Haiyan devastated huge swathes of the Philippines, close to 25,000 people are still living in tents and temporary shelters.
The category five typhoon wiped out or damaged practically everything in its path as it swept ashore on 8 November, 2013, with seven-metre storm surges destroying around 90% of the city of Tacloban in Leyte province.
Haiyan killed or left missing close to 8,000 people and displaced as many as four million.
Chris McGrath photographed the devastation in the days after the typhoon hit, and has returned to Tacloban one year later.
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Magallanes district in Tacloban City on November 17, 2013 and on November 4, 2014
Critics have slammed the government for its slow rehabilitation efforts despite enormous resources made available by foreign governments and aid agencies.
Philippine President Benigno Aquino only approved a £2.35bn six-year rebuilding masterplan a few weeks before the anniversary.
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The main road in Anibong district, Tacloban City on 17 November, 2013 and 3 November, 2014
Typhoon Haiyan is one of the strongest typhoons ever to hit land. It caused destruction on an enormous scale, tearing down buildings, piling up cars and completely washing away some areas of cities.  
The national disaster agency reported more than 6,300 people dead. A year later, more than 1,000 are still unaccounted for.
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Bodies are seen in a mass grave on the outskirts of Tacloban City on 20 November, 2013(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
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A year later, on 3 November, 2014, grass has grown over the mass grave site at Basper Cemetery(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
An estimated one million families (approximately four million people) were driven from their homes.
Tacloban City, the main city on the Philippines' central island of Leyte, bore the brunt of the damage.
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Residents clear debris away on 17 November, 2013 near a ship that washed ashore by Typhoon Haiyan(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
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A year later, the debris has gone, but the ship is still there on the main road in Anibong district(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
The Philippines, which sees an average of 20 typhoons a year, is planning to build typhoon-resilient structures and relocate residents living in danger zones to areas which it considers safer based on studies by local and international organisations.
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A single tree is seen standing amid the rubble in Magallanes district in Tacloban City on 18 November, 2013(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
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A year later the tree is in leaf and residents have rebuilt their homes(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
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A homemade coffin is seen on the side of the road as curfew approaches on November 14, 2013(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
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Traffic flows along the road from the airport a year after Typhoon Haiyan on November 3, 2014(Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

Typhoon Haiyan Anniversary: 40 Powerful Photos of the Storm that Devastated the Philippines

Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest storms ever to hit land, devastated the Philippines, wiping out or damaging almost everything in its path as it swept ashore on November 8, 2013.
More than 6,300 people were reported dead, with more than 1,000 unaccounted for. An estimated one million families were driven from their homes.
Tacloban, the main city on the island of Leyte, bore the brunt of the damage. More than 90% of it was destroyed by Haiyan's tsunami-like 7m-high storm surges. More than 2,000 people were killed in Tacloban City alone.
A year after the typhoon, thousands of people who were left homeless by the storm, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Yolanda, are still living in tents.
IBTimesUK presents 40 poweful images showing the unprecedented force of the storm and the scale of the destruction and loss of lives it caused.
run for cover
November 8, 2013: Residents run for shelter as category-5 super typhoon Haiyan hits Cebu city, Philippines, downing trees and power lines and destroying housesReuters
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November 9, 2013: A mother weeps beside the dead body of her son at a chapel in the aftermath of Super Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban, on the eastern Philippine island of Leyte(AFP)
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November 10, 2013: A boy who was wounded by flying debris surveys the ruins of his family's house in Tacloban
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November 10, 2013: Empty coffins lie on a street near houses damaged after super Typhoon Haiyan battered Tacloban(Reuters)
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November 11, 2013: An aerial view of a coastal town in Samar province, devastated by super Typhoon Haiyan(Reuters)
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November 11, 2013: A relative holds newborn baby Beatriz Joy as her mother, 21-year-old Emily Sagalis, lies among debris at a makeshift clinic in Tacloban(Reuters)
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November 11 2013:Newborn baby Beatriz Joy is cared for at a makeshift medical centre in the storm-damaged city of Tacloban, after being born to 21-year-old Emily Sagalis. The baby was named to honour her grandmother, who was swept away by powerful waves whipped up by the typhoon(AFP)
ships
November 11, 2013: Residents pick up pieces of wood inbetween two cargo ships that were washed ashore when super typhoon Haiyan hit Anibong town, TaclobanReuters
body bags
November 12, 2013: Survivors search through bags containing bodies of typhoon victims in Tacloban after it was devastated by Typhoon HaiyanReuters
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November 12, 2013: Bodies are lined up at a makeshift morgue in Tacloban, on the eastern island of Leyte, after Super Typhoon Haiyan swept over the Philippines(AFP)
elderly
November 12, 2013: An elderly woman and an injured man are carried to a waiting C130 aircraft during the evacuation of hundreds of survivors of typhoon Haiyan from TaclobanGetty
crying
November 12, 2013: A man cries on a packed C130 aircraft as he and hundreds of other survivors of super typhoon Haiyan are evacuated from TaclobanGetty
statues
November 12, 2013: One of the statues commemorating the landing of US General Douglas MacArthur and his Allied forces lies face down in the water after being toppled by super typhoon Haiyan in Palo, Leyte provinceReuters
bus stop
November 13, 2013: Bodies are left for collection by the fire department at a bus stop in Tacloban CityReuters
town
November 14, 2013: An aerial view of a demolished coastal town on Eastern Samar Island in LeyteGetty
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November 14, 2013: A typhoon victim cries as she boards a Philippines Army C130 cargo plane as she and others are evacuated at Tacloban airport(AFP)
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November 15, 2013: Gerardo Alvarez, a 53-year-old evacuee from Tacloban, grimaces while strapped to a wheelchair at Brigadier General Benito N Ebuen Airbase in Cebu. Alvarez's mother and sister were killed by the typhoon, and he died five days after being brought to Manila for medical attention(Reuters)
baby
November 15, 2013: A woman and her newborn baby lie on the floor in Tacloban Hospital in LeyteGetty
rainbow
November 15, 2013: A rainbow appears above Typhoon Haiyan survivors desperate to catch a flight from Tacloban airportReuters
trust jesus
November 15, 2013: A girl stands on the balcony of her typhoon-destroyed house in LeyteGetty
mass grave
November 16, 2013: Rescue workers carry bodies into a mass grave on the outskirts of TaclobanAFP
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November 18, 2013: Survivors of Super Typhoon Haiyan march during a religious procession in Tolosa on the eastern Philippine island of LeyteAFP
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November 18, 2013: An aerial photo of Ormoc, where villagers created a message that reads 'We Need Food Help Us' among the devastation created by typhoon Haiyan(AFP)
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November 18, 2013: Survivors of Typhoon Haiyan try to get aid and relief items distributed from a truck near their shelter in TaclobanReuters
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November 18, 2013: A family gathers around a grave of a relative that was killed when Typhoon Haiyan struck their home in LeyteGetty
trees
November 20, 2013: A destroyed house stands in the midst of fallen trees near Guiuan, Eastern SamarReuters
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November 20, 2013: Survivors place a makeshift flag over a sports hall destroyed by Typhoon Haiyan, in Tacloban(Reuters)
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November 21, 2013: Children play inside the bathroom of a house toppled by Super Typhoon HaiyanReuters
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November 21, 2013: A ship lies next to damaged houses in Tacloban after it was swept ashore at the height of Typhoon Haiyan(Reuters)
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November 21, 2013: Members of the Philippine military in a helicopter drop bottled water to Typhoon Haiyan survivors in Tolosa(Reuters)
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November 23, 2013: A smashed Jeepney (a Jeep used for public transport) is reflected in the water in TaclobanGetty
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November 23, 2013: An aerial view shows the damage to the town of Palo after Typhoon Haiyan hit the east coast of the Philippines(AFP)
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November 24, 2013: A woman made homeless by super typhoon Haiyan holds her daughter while looking at her flattened home from a partially damaged building in Tacloban(AFP)
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November 24, 2013: People walk through an area devastated by Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban(Reuters)
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November 25, 2013: A man rests on his damaged house on the shore in Tacloban, Leyte Province(AFP)
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November 25, 2013: A ship that washed ashore, crushing houses, is seen in Tacloban, Leyte Province(AFP)
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November 27, 2013: Typhoon survivors clear up debris from destroyed houses in Tacloban(AFP)
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December 7, 2013: A girl sits among debris of destroyed houses in Tacloban, which was torn apart by one of the most powerful typhoons on record(AFP)
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December 17, 2013 A typhoon survivor decorates a Christmas tree amid the rubble of destroyed houses in Tacloban cityReuters
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December 24, 2013: Survivors of Super Typhoon Haiyan decorate a giant Christmas lantern among destroyed houses in Tacloban(AFP)