10. Ajanta Caves, India
About 100km northeast from the city of Aurangabad, India’s Ajanta Caves are considered the pinnacle of Indian rock-cut architecture. The first Buddhist cave monuments at Ajanta date from the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE. During the 5th and 6th centuries A.D., many more richly decorated caves were added to the original group. British historian William Dalrymple named the Ajanta Caves “one of the great wonders of the ancient world”. See also; 10 Asian Caves Defining Human History and Development.
9. Newgrange, Ireland
Newgrange’s massive, rounded dome rises from the emerald plains of Ireland’s County Meath like a grass-topped UFO. Constructed during the Neolithic period around 3,200BCE, making it older than the Egyptian pyramids.
8. Derinkuyu, Turkey
The Derinkuyu is an ancient multi-level underground city in the Derinkuyu district in Nevşehir Province, Turkey. Extending to a depth of approximately 60 m (200 feet), it is large enough to have sheltered approximately 20,000 people together with their livestock and food stores. It is the largest excavated underground city in Turkey and is one of several underground complexes found across Cappadocia.
7. Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt
The world’s first lighthouse used mirrors to reflect sunlight for miles out to sea. It was built in third century BCE and stood 440 feet (134 metres) high. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was the tallest man-made structure after the pyramids of Giza and its light could be seen 35 miles out to sea. It was badly damaged by three earthquakes between AD 956 and 1323, it then became an abandoned ruin and, by AD 1480 after further damage by earthquakes, it was gone.
6. Colossus of Rhodes, Rhodes
A 110 feet tall statue honored the Greek sun god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes, by Chares of Lindos in 280 BCE. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was constructed to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus. Before its destruction in the earthquake, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 110 feet (33 metres) high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world. According to the historian Strabo, it remained a popular tourist attraction even in ruin.
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Turkey
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built in Fourth century BCE for the King Mausolus, and his sister-wife Artemisia II of Caria.
4. Statue of Zeus, Greece
This 40 feet (12-meter) statue made by the Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BCE, depicted the king of the Greek gods.
3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Turkey
Also known as the Temple of Diana, this towering temple was built in 550 BCE to honor Artemis, the Greek goddess of the hunt.
The temple is described by every ancient with awe and reverence for its beauty. It was 425 feet high, 225 feet wide, and supported by 127 60 foot columns. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction in 356 BC by a man named Herostratus who set fire to the temple in order that his name be remembered.
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq
The Hanging Gardens were a distinctive feature of ancient Babylon. If they existed as described, were built by Nebuchadnezzar II about 600 BCE as a gift to his Median wife, Queen Amytis. The gardens are believed to have been a remarkable feat of engineering – an ascending series of tiered gardens containing all manner of trees, shrubs, and vines. They were destroyed by an earthquake sometime after the 1st century CE.
1. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Great Pyramid at Giza was constructed about 2,600 BCE for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one still standing today. It was the structure itself with its perfect symmetry and imposing height which impressed ancient visitors. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world for almost 4,000 years.