A five-minute immersion exercise in Philippine History
Jose Sison Luzadas, KGOR
Looking for Dr. Jose Rizal in
Photo was taken when the writer was in
Incidentally, the city of
The last time Rizal was in Barcelona was when he was detained in a Barcelona jail on his way to Cuba to volunteer his medical services to the Spanish army during the Cuban Revolution on suspicion that he is the mastermind of the disturbances in Manila and the suburbs led by Bonifacio and his Katipuneros. Few days later, he was escorted to the
TODAY, there are people who still look at Rizal more and more of an ENIGMA and doubt being a hero. If Rizal is a true patriot they argued, why did he volunteer his services to the enemy? Why did he call Bonifacio’s revolution that was causing disturbances in
The ghost of Simoun and Elias While he was aboard the ship bound for
The man in sailor’s uniform was Emilio Jacinto, right-hand man of the Supremo who later became the “Brain of the Katipunanan”. Why did Rizal spurn such rare opportunity? Was there any promise by the Spanish officials in exchange for services volunteered, like dropping all the charges filed against him? If there is nothing but enigma, then why do we call Rizal a hero, a martyr to the cause?
Conceived and never hatched! Nick Joaquin thinks that the Philippine Revolution” was made in
Naisahan sila ni Andres! The Ilustrados were caught flatfooted and their planned revolution was sidetracked when a bodeguero from Trozo, Tondo led the revolt of the masses. UP professor Teodoro Agoncillo wrote a book about Andres Bonifacio and his militant organization of proletarian origin titled “THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES”.
Fear, Fear, Fear With the poor, uneducated peasants stealing the show from the Ilustrados in Pugad Lawin and in the hills of Balara, the Ilustrados were reluctant to join that in the words of Agoncillo, “only Bonifacio can speak the language of the masses”. There was a growing fear among land owning Ilustrados that a socialist peasant leader like Bonifacio might even confiscate their lands and distribute them to his Katipunan members
Agoncillo opines that it is true that Rizal distanced himself from the Katipunan, he denied being a member and vehemently argued that he was being used by the Katipunan without his knowledge. But the Spanish authorities and the clergy were not stupid to buy Rizal’s defensive arguments. Yes, his enemies do still believe that while Rizal may not like Bonifacio and his revolution to gain independence, it was Rizal who fed Bonifacio the idea of patriotism and ultimate goal of independence!